Whether you need to know more about local public holidays or seasonal highlights, we hope you will find the below facts useful for travel planning. Please feel free to contact us if we can assist you further.

General information

Tourist attractions in Sri Lanka range from ancient Buddhist statues and monasteries, Hindu temples, relics of ancient dynasties and civilizations, wildlife sanctuaries, underwater ecosystems and botanical gardens and parks. The country has over 2,500 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha, a chronicle written in Pali language, and the pre-history of Sri Lanka dates back to over 125,000 years.

 

Seasonal Highlights

January

  • Thai Pongal Festival

February

  • Maha Shiva Rathri Festival
  • Donald Steel Golf Tournament

April

  • Sinhala & Tamil New Year Celebrations

May

  • Vesak - Festival of lights

June

  • Poson Poya Celebrations

July

  • Esala Perahara

August

  • Esala Perahara

 

Sri Lanka at a Glance

Official name:

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Government type:

republic

Location:

Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52.,
650km north of the equator

Dimensions:

430km north to south, 225km east to west

Coastline:

1,340km

Area:

65,525km

Currency (code):

Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

Independence:

4 February 1948

Administrative capital:

Sri Jayewardenepura

Commercial capital:

Colombo

Administrative divisions:

9 provinces; Central, North Central, Northern,
North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva,
Western, Eastern Province.

Climate:

Typically tropical, with anortheast monsoon
(December to March) bringing unsettled weather
to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon
(June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west

Terrain:

Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in
south-central interior

Highest mountain:

Pidurutalagala, 2,524m

Highest waterfall:

Bambarakanda, 263m

National Flower

The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).

National parks and nature reserves area:

8,000sq.km

Population:

21,128,773 (? Census)

Population growth rate:

1.3%

Population Density:

309 people per sq km

Life Expectancy at Birth

74 female, 64 male

Literacy rate :

Female 87.9 Male 92.5

Ethnic groups:

Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%,
Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%,
unspecified 10% (2001 census)

Languages:

Sinhala (official and national language) 74%,
Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in
government and spoken competently by about 10% of the
population

Religion:

Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%,
unspecified 10% (2001 census)

Time zone:

Sri Lanka Standard Time isfive and a half hours ahead of GMT
. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)

International dialing:

+94

Electricity:

230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer
bring a stabilizer

Economy:

Sri Lanka.s most dynamic sectors are food processing, t
extiles and
apparel, food and beverages, port construction,
telecommunications,
and insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up
only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles
and garments
accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans
work abroad,
90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than
US$1 billion a year.

Labour force

34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture,
25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4%
(30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)

Agriculture & products

Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, tea, rubber,
coconuts milk, eggs, hides, beef, fish

Industries:

Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other
agricultural
commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking;
clothing,
textiles; cement, petroleum refining.

Exports:

Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies;
coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish

Imports:

Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral
products,
petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation
equipment:
$10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main
commodities
from main import partners: India 19.6%, China 10.5%,
Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.2%,
Japan 4.1% (2006)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP):

Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official
exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate:
6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.
)composition
by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%

Gross National Product (GNP):

Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figures
of the world.s
nationswith $22.8billion (2005)

Flag description:

yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side
panel has two
equal vertical bands of green (hoist side)
and orange; the
other panel is a large dark red rectangle
with a yellow lion
holding a sword, and there is a yellow bodhi leaf in each
corner; the yellow field appears as a
border around the
entire flag and extends between the
two panels